Box 4. Developing the Anti-Corruption Open Up GUide
The Anti-Corruption Open Up Guide was developed through four core activity tracks. These were carried out simultaneously and are interconnected, as information gathered in the four of them contributed with ideas, experiences and databases to shape this resource. This work was complemented by a range of workshops, and engagement around the 2016 Anti-Corruption Summit in London.
[Track 1] Building a shared language: framework discussion
[Track 2] An initial input: key anti-corruption data
Based on the review of global initiatives, legal frameworks, academic papers and interviews with anti-corruption practitioners, an analysis of how corruption works and links to public policies was developed. It responds to the multiple points of entry of the anti-corruption discussion to set out a common framework for understanding data use, and for prioritising datasets. The resulting framework is used to guide the user throughout the resource.
Through an online consultation, a series of interviews with government officials, investigative journalists, researchers and civil society organizations and a review of the open data portals from G20 countries, a full range of datasets with the potential to play a role in anti-corruption work were identified. These were organized according to their anti-corruption value and their data characteristics as well as tagged to thematic areas where they can be used. The final priority list was based on assessment against use-cases.
[Track 3] Acknowledging anti-corruption efforts using open data: relevant experiences
[Track 4] Frontiers, challenges and ideas: potential uses of open data for anti-corruption
After a series of online and offline consultations, cases where data or open data had been used for anti-corruption purposes were identified and reviewed. Selected cases were analyzed in-depth, reaching and interviewing their implementers. These cases were a source both of relevant datasets and examples on how open data can be used to prevent, detect, investigate or sanction corruption. Most of the cases identified were related to public procurement.
Responding to innovative anti-corruption ideas shared through the online consultations, the report has identified gaps in current data availability. A review was carried out of the corruption problems experienced by a number of different countries that might be addressed with open data in future. These sources of information led to the development of future potential uses cases of open data for anti-corruption.